to increase the angular distances between objects (craters on the moon, double stars, etc.)
to collect as much light from weak light sources (galaxies, nebulae, etc.)
The telescope consists of an optical tube (optical instrument)and the mount (tripod and device for the guidance of the pipe).
The types of telescopes:
Telescopes come in 3 basic optics: refractors (lenses), reflectors (mirror), and mirror-lens.
In the telescope-the refractor as a light-harvesting device is used lens.Refractor telescopes have a closed housing, do not require adjustment, can be used as a large telescope. The diameter of the lens of Amateur refractors 50-150mm
Error of manufacture optics have a negligible impact on image quality
The minimum sensitivity of the optics to adverse factors of operation (shaking, temperature)
The lack of stretch marks and shielding helps to maximize the image contrast.
Chromatic aberration color contrast detail halos, samawa low-contrast details on the planets
For protection against condensation requires a special blend that increases the length of the pipe
High cost per mm of aperture (diameter)
The reflector collects the light of the concave mirror. They require alignment (the alignment of the mirrors relative to each other), open pipe. The observer is located on the side of the tube of the telescope. The diameter of the Amateur reflectors 60-300mm
The maximum ratio the price/aperture
Zero aberrations (distortions) in the center of the visual field enable to observe low contrast detail on planets surface.
Telescope tube is a lens hood preventing the deposition of dew on the optical surfaces
The eyepiece is located at chest level or head, which allows at any position of a telescope to find a comfortable position
Requires alignment (position adjustment of the mirrors relative to each other)
Spherical aberration and coma on the optical axis.
The open tube allows mud to get to the mirror. The clean mirror is quite time-consuming and require greater care
The tube of the telescope is quite bulky, which leads to sensitivity to vibrations, wind, etc.
Mirror-lens "hybrid scheme" between the reflector and refractor. There are many implementations of this scheme. The main advantage of these schemes is a compact tube. If the refractors and reflectors focal length approximately equal to the length of a telescope, the mirror-lens tools focal length 2-3 times more than the length of the pipe. Advantages and disadvantages depend on the particular scheme. (Maksutov-Cassegrain, Schmid-Cassegrain, Klevtsov, Ritchey-Chretien, etc.)
How to choose?
Types and models of telescopes, a great many, and to choose an appropriate model very difficult. In order to determine the choice needs to address the following questions:
what kind of budget you plan to spend on buying a telescope?
what objects to expect to see (the Moon and planets, deep space objects)?
do you plan to do astrophotography?
where you will watch (the balcony in the city, country, in field, etc.)?
how will you deliver the telescope to the place of observation ?
are you ready to spend time learning the sky or just want to admire the treasures of heaven?
For observations in the city from the balcony will be a convenient short-focus refractors or mirror-lens telescopes.
For observations of planets optimal refectory or mirror-lens telescopes.
For observations of deep space objects (nebula, galaxies, clusters of stars etc.) need tools with a sizable aperture (often the reflectors of Newton)
I doubt what telescope to buy? Our managers will help You choose the best model.
In our online shop you will find telescope for yourself or as a gift for a child. We sell Amateur telescopes leading manufacturers Vixen, Sturman, Celestron, TAL. Our managers will tell you what telescope is best to buy based on Your objectives and budget.