to increase the angular distances between objects (craters on the moon, double stars, etc.)
to collect as much light from weak light sources (galaxies, nebulae, etc.)
The telescope consists of an optical tube (optical instrument)and the mount (tripod and device for the guidance of the pipe).
The types of telescopes:
Telescopes come in 3 basic optics: refractors (lenses), reflectors (mirror), and mirror-lens.
In the telescope-the refractor as a light-harvesting device is used lens.Refractor telescopes have a closed housing, do not require adjustment, can be used as a large telescope. The diameter of the lens of Amateur refractors 50-150mm
Error of manufacture optics have a negligible impact on image quality
The minimum sensitivity of the optics to adverse factors of operation (shaking, temperature)
The lack of stretch marks and shielding helps to maximize the image contrast.
Chromatic aberration color contrast detail halos, samawa low-contrast details on the planets
For protection against condensation requires a special blend that increases the length of the pipe
High cost per mm of aperture (diameter)
The reflector collects the light of the concave mirror. They require alignment (the alignment of the mirrors relative to each other), open pipe. The observer is located on the side of the tube of the telescope. The diameter of the Amateur reflectors 60-300mm
The maximum ratio the price/aperture
Zero aberrations (distortions) in the center of the visual field enable to observe low contrast detail on planets surface.
Telescope tube is a lens hood preventing the deposition of dew on the optical surfaces
The eyepiece is located at chest level or head, which allows at any position of a telescope to find a comfortable position
Requires alignment (position adjustment of the mirrors relative to each other)
Spherical aberration and coma on the optical axis.
The open tube allows mud to get to the mirror. The clean mirror is quite time-consuming and require greater care
The tube of the telescope is quite bulky, which leads to sensitivity to vibrations, wind, etc.
Mirror-lens "hybrid scheme" between the reflector and refractor. There are many implementations of this scheme. The main advantage of these schemes is a compact tube. If the refractors and reflectors focal length approximately equal to the length of a telescope, the mirror-lens tools focal length 2-3 times more than the length of the pipe. Advantages and disadvantages depend on the particular scheme. (Maksutov-Cassegrain, Schmid-Cassegrain, Klevtsov, Ritchey-Chretien, etc.)
How to choose?
Types and models of telescopes, a great many, and to choose an appropriate model very difficult. In order to determine the choice needs to address the following questions:
what kind of budget you plan to spend on buying a telescope?
what objects to expect to see (the Moon and planets, deep space objects)?
do you plan to do astrophotography?
where you will watch (the balcony in the city, country, in field, etc.)?
how will you deliver the telescope to the place of observation ?
are you ready to spend time learning the sky or just want to admire the treasures of heaven?
For observations in the city from the balcony will be a convenient short-focus refractors or mirror-lens telescopes.
For observations of planets optimal refectory or mirror-lens telescopes.
For observations of deep space objects (nebula, galaxies, clusters of stars etc.) need tools with a sizable aperture (often the reflectors of Newton)
I doubt what telescope to buy? Our managers will help You choose the best model.
In our online shop you will find telescope for yourself or as a gift for a child. We sell Amateur telescopes leading manufacturers Vixen, Sturman, Celestron, TAL. Our managers will tell you what telescope is best to buy based on Your objectives and budget.
Digital camera for telescopeToupCam GCMOS01200KPB for astrophotography and guiding. - Color sensor AR0130 with the size of the matrix 1/3“ (4.8 mm x 3.6 mm) - The pixel size of 3.75 x 3.75 µm - Exposure time of 0.4 MS -15 C - Frame rate – 28 fpc (1280x960) and 30 fpc (640x480) - The ratio signal/noise 44 dB - Support Windows 10 (32 and 64 bit), Mac OS, Linux, ASCOM Is the diameter of the eyepieces is 31.75 mm (1.25") threaded mount C-Mount - Complete cable USB2.0, cable guidance ST4 adapter for filters of 1.25", a CD-ROM with drivers and software
Adapter multiphone rigidly fixes the camera lens of the smartphone in front of the eyepiece of the binoculars, telescope or spotting scope. For photo/video. - The width of the phone — 55-94 mm - Diameter of the eyepiece of the instrument is about 1.25" (31.75 mm +/-5mm).
Universal photoadapter intended for the joint use of optical observation devices (telescope, microscope, monocular, binoculars or telescope) with compact digital cameras. - Maximum permissible length of the lens — 50 mm; - Diameter of the eyepiece is 25 to 45 mm; - Maximum load — 2 kg; - Tripod mounting, outer diameter is 1/4 inch.
T-ring is designed for fixing cameras of the line Sony NEX the telescope, the focuser which has a threaded connection T2 (metric thread with a diameter of 42 mm and pitch 0.75 mm), for shooting in direct focus.
Adapter Kenko T-mount for Canon EF-M mount for lenses with a threaded T-mount for digital camera mount Canon M and joining of system elements MILTOL (Kenko 2x teleconverter, lens, eyepiece attachment). - Thread diameter — 42 mm, pitch 0.75 mm; - Working distance: 18 mm; - Dimensions — 58х9,5 mm.
Adapter Kenko T-mount for Nikon is designed for mounting lenses with threaded connection standard T-mount digital cameras with Nikon F mount, also it can be used to connect elements of the system MILTOL threaded T-mount (lenses, teleconverters, ocular attachment). - Thread diameter — 42 mm, thread pitch is 0.75 mm; - Working distance — 46.5 mm; - Dimensions — 54,2x6,7 mm, weight — 2.2 g; - 1 year warranty.
Camera telescope Sturman Solar system's CMOS (b/W) for studying, photo and video objects in the Solar system: - Black-and-white sensor on the basis of CMOS of a matrix, sensitivity 1.0 v/Lux-sec - Video 640x480 (VGA) - Bore diameterof 1.25” (31.75 mm) and inner threads for mounting additional accessories; - Interface: USB 2.0; - Supported operating systems – Microsoft Windows XP, Vista, 7 (x32 and x64).
Camera telescope Sturman Solar system's CMOS (color) for studying, photo and video objects in the Solar system: - A color sensor on the basis of CMOS of a matrix, sensitivity 1.0 v/Lux-sec; - Video 640x480 (VGA); - Bore diameter of 1.25” (31.75 mm) and inner threads for mounting additional accessories; - USB 1.1 / 2.0 interface; - Supported operating systems – Microsoft Windows XP, Vista, 7 (x32 and x64).
Camera telescope Sturman 0.8 M for studying, photo and video shooting of objects of the sky: - Sensor on the basis of CMOS of a matrix; - Screen size 640x480 (VGA); - Bore diameter of 1.25” (31.75 mm) and inner threads for mounting additional accessories; Interface USB 2.0; - Supported operating systems – Microsoft Windows 98 / 2000 / XP, Vista, 7 (x32 and x64).
Binoculars 10x50 Sturman ATAKER for the initial terrestrial and astronomical observations - Magnification 10x, diameter of lens - 50 mm - Field of view is 6.5° (114 m/1000m), exit pupil diameter - 19 mm - Porro prism glass BaK-4 Multi - layer coating of the lenses The Central focus at a distance of 5 m - Waterproof rubber housing-aluminum alloys, turn-and-slide eyecups - Installation on a tripod using adapter (sold separately) - Comes with PU leather case, covers lenses and eyepieces, a wide shoulder strap
Planetary binoculars 15x70 Sturmanfor astronomical and terrestrial observations - Magnification 15x diameter of the lens - 70 mm - Field of view - 4.4 degrees (77 m/1000m), exit pupil diameter - 18 mm - Porro prism glass BaK4 Multi - layer coating of the lenses The Central focus at a distance of 13 m - Rubber-coated housing made of aluminum alloy - Mounted on a tripod via adapter (optional) - Comes with protective caps, strap & case
Binoculars 12x50 Sturman for wildlife observation and much remote objects - Magnification - 12x, diameter of lens - 50 mm - The field of view of 5.6° (97 m/1000m), exit pupil diameter - 11 mm - Porro prism glass Bk-7 Multi - layer coating of the lenses The Central focus at a distance of 5 m - Housing - the combination of impact-resistant plastic and aluminium alloy, rubber, color green - Mounted on a tripod (1/4") using adapter (sold separately) - Comes with protective caps, strap and case
Powerful field binoculars 20x50 Sturman green for ground-based observations because of the highly remote objects - Magnification 20x diameter of lens - 50 mm - Field of view is 3.2° (56 m/1000m) - Porro prism glass Bk-7 Multi - layer coating of the lenses The Central focus at a distance of 10 m - Rubber-coated housing made of aluminium alloy, color green - Mounted on a tripod via adapter (optional) - Comes with protective caps, shoulder strap and case
Binoculars Sturman 7x50green for hunting and nature observation, elementary astronomical observations - Increase 7x, diameter of lens - 50 mm - Field of view - 8° (140 m/1000m), exit pupil diameter - 23 mm - Porro prism glass Bk-7 Multi - layer coating of the lenses The Central focus at a distance of 4 m - Rubber-coated housing made of aluminium alloy and impact resistant plastic, color – green - Tripod mounting via adapter (sold separately) - Comes with a protective cap, case and strap